Newsletter #180
Green Building & Energy Efficiency

Latest Industry News, Events, Issues, Products, And Resources
January 8, 2020


1. Industry Issues, Forecasts & Trends
2. Business Management
3. Building Design & Trends
4. Codes Standards & Regulations
5. Building Science & Technologies
6. Building Performance Issues
7. Products & Suppliers
8. Installation & Procedures
9. Fuels, Energy & Transportation
10. Information Sources
11. Conferences & Shows
12. Education & Training
13. Costs & Savings
14. Incentives, Financing & Programs


Here is another special BC Building Info issue on green building and energy efficiency.

The regular BC Building Info newsletter covering all industry topics will come your way in a few weeks as usual. Hope you find at least a wee bit of value here somewhere.

Have a “Top Drawer” day.

Ken Farrish


Ken's Top Pick

Resource Site on High Performance Construction
Building America Solution Center is an online resource providing access to expert information on hundreds of high-performance construction topics, including air sealing and insulation, HVAC components, windows, indoor air quality, and much more.

1. Industry Issues, Forecasts & Trends

2015–2050 Plans Impacting BC Home Performance Industry
Home Performance Stakeholder Council says there have been some big announcements made over the last few years that affect residential renovation in BC, and they have constructed a timeline of these plans, goals and targets.

Provincial Energy Efficiency Scorecard
Efficiency Canada new online Provincial Energy Efficiency Scorecard ranks provincial policies and performance in energy efficiency programs, enabling measures, buildings, transportation and industry.

Canadian Solar & Wind Associations to Amalgamate in 2020
Members of both the Canadian Solar Industries Association (CanSIA) and the Canadian Wind Energy Association (CanWEA) have voted to amalgamate the two organizations into a new multi-technology association focused on wind energy, solar energy and energy storage.

Ontario Industry Discusses Creating Climate Change Coalition
Construct Connect SAYS builders and some unions in Ontario’s residential and civil sectors are looking at joining forces with other industry and business groups to form a national coalition focused solely on fighting climate change.

2020 Industry Trends in HVAC, Home Performance, Solar
Energy Circle shares thoughts on where our industries are headed, from the rise of new services all the way to how contracting is evolving in a digital world. It includes how to approach the HVAC, home performance, and solar trends of 2020.

Solutions for a Small Lot
Fine Homebuilding describes a project that builds efficiencies into a new 1000-sq.-ft. ocean-front house.

Climate Change Procrastinators Urged to Act
REMI Network says gauging risks to real estate portfolios is a complicated but high-priority task.

The World in 2030, Nine Megatrends to Watch
MIT Sloan says the directions we go and choices we make will have enormous impacts on our lives, careers, businesses, and the world. Here are their predictions of how nine important trends will evolve by 2030.

2. Business Management

Okanagan Partners Create Green Construction Centre
REMI Network says UBC Okanagan and Okanagan College have partnered to establish a Green Construction Research and Training Centre that will provide new research options and create hands-on practical training opportunities for students.

Submission for Clean BC Job Readiness Plan
Canadian Green Building Council recommendations for Clean BC Job Readiness Plan offer several opportunities to drive low-carbon skills development for the green construction workforce working on new low-carbon buildings and retrofitting the existing building stock.

2020 Will be Kind to BC Housing Market
Business Council of BC says the housing sales rebound will continue into 2020 and residential building activity will surprise on the upside.

Custom Designed Education Services for Canadian Businesses
Canada Green Building Council is adding custom-designed programs to its education and training offerings. Designed to help companies thrive in the new low-carbon economy, these customized programs are built around specific business needs, and draw on CaGBC’s 15 years of experience training green building professionals and supporting LEED and Zero Carbon standard development.

Creating Circular Economy for Construction Industry
Green Building Advisor says construction and demolition waste headed for landfills is set to rise sharply.

Environmental Benefits of Restoring Old Homes
Home Energy says green homebuilding has grown in favor because of its health benefits, energy savings and aesthetics. Therefore, it should be no surprise that retrofitting existing homes into sustainable properties can create even more value for clients.

How to Change Building Sector to Major Carbon Sink
Treehugger describes a study that shows how to change the building sector from a major carbon emitter to a major carbon sink.

Doing More with Less
Energy Transition Magazine says to aggressively reduce our emissions, we are going to need to overhaul our thinking about not only what we build but also how we build.

3. Building Design & Trends

Blatchford is Largest Carbon Neutral Community in Canada
Green Energy Futures podcast says Edmontonians have already been recognized as pioneers of net-zero homes, and now they are building the largest carbon-neutral community in the country: Blatchford.

Net Zero Renovation in Canadian Context
Passive Buildings Canada says Energiesproung is a Dutch initiative to reduce the cost of high performance net zero renovation of multifamily and single family projects through the use of industrialization, mass production and automation. The goal is to be able to finance the cost of these projects through the energy saved. They show three videos on Canadian Energiesproung initiatives.

Cost-Effective Passive Houses
Fine Homebuilding describes plans for affordable super-insulated homes based on solid building science research.

Passive House Cost, Inspections, Designer Relationship
WoodWorks online webinar Passive House at the Jobsite: Cost, Inspections, and the Designer-Builder Relationship examines the cost and construction of wood-frame, multi-family projects in particular. Topics include cost differences between traditional and passive house construction, communication aspects that are critical to success, testing and inspections, design details that translate to buildable projects, and lessons learned from the jobsite.

Millennial Buyers' Willingness to Pay for Green Features
NAHB report, What Home Buyers Really Want (2019 Edition), show that Millennials want an environment-friendly home, but few are willing to pay more for it for that reason alone. They are, however, willing to pay for certain green features, such as those that provide energy efficiency and cost saving benefits over time.

Four Decades of Green Design
Architect Magazine says over the last 50 years, a once-nascent conversation about sustainability has evolved into a full-scale priority for the profession.

Finding Purpose through Collaborative Sustainable Design & Construction
Trim Tab discusses collaborative design and how it can help us find purpose and change how we approach our work and think about the built environment.

2019 Q4 Home Design Trends Survey on Neighbourhoods
American Institute of Architects online Home Design Trends Survey results for Q4 2019 describes emerging trends in neighbourhoods & community design.

4. Codes Standards & Regulations

Building Smart with Changes to BC Building Code
BC Housing seminar and webinar Building Smart with Changes to the BC Building Code will take place on January 22nd. Changes to the code will be effective December 12, 2019. This workshop will cover new code requirements for: Encapsulated mass timber construction; Secondary suites; Roof-top enclosures and occupancies; Recycling rooms; Carbon monoxide levels; BC Energy Step Code.

New Technical Bulletins on BC Building Code
BC Government has issued some new Technical Bulletins that help you to understand and apply the BC Building Code requirements.

BC Communities Lead Way with Mass Timber Technology
BC Government says thirteen BC communities are adopting mass timber technology for taller wood buildings that are faster to build, better for the environment and create new jobs and opportunities for forest communities in the province.

Built Green Program Updates on 2020 Single Family Checklist
Built Green provides a summary of the adjusted and added items to their 2020 Checklists, which provide new opportunities to earn points towards Built Green certification.

Top 22 changes in the 2018 Canadian Electrical Code
Technical Safety BC says BC’s Electrical Safety Regulation has been amended to include the adoption of the 2018 version of the Canadian Electrical Code. The new code includes several changes to support electrical workers in the safe installation and maintenance of electrical equipment and systems. It will come into effect on January 1, 2020. These are the top changes you’ll need to know about when performing regulated electrical work.

Code Recognition Urged for Rainwater Harvesting
REMI says proposed changes to the National Plumbing Code could ease the process and cost of installing rainwater harvesting systems in most types of building occupancies, but would prohibit non-potable water supply to toilets and urinals in health care facilities. The measures address silences in the current code and are part of an expansive package of proposed changes that the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes released for public review earlier this fall.

Revised Version of ASHRAE Energy Standard 90.1
ASHRAE has released an expanded, revised version of ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-2019, Energy Efficiency Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings. It contains more than 100 changes from the 2016 version, including numerous energy-saving measures.

What is a Building Performance Standard?
Institute for Market Transformation online fact sheet lays out the basics of building performance standards, new mandatory policies that require building owners to meet performance targets by actively improving the energy performance of their building over time. (PDF)

5. Building Science & Technology

How Households Drive Up Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Green Building Advisor says everything you eat or wear, and every time you drive, adds to global emissions.

Busting a Myth About Low-Static Ducted Mini-Splits
Energy Vanguard says it is a myth that you have to keep the ducts short when you use a low-static ducted mini-split. The actual length of the ductwork doesn't matter as long as we keep the static pressure low.

Hydronic Snowmelt Systems
Plumbing & HVAC says commercially, snowmelt systems are a popular method of snow removal, especially when trying to avoid lawsuits. In residential applications, they are increasing in popularity.

DIY Retrofit Solutions for Automating Window Coverings
Residential Tech says a solution to helping bring natural light into a home is to replace the existing window coverings with motorized drapes/curtains, shades, or blinds.

Generate PHPP Window Values Using THERM
Passive Buildings Canada online video features Al Jaugelis of RDH introducing participants to the BC Reference Procedure for using THERM to Determine Window Performance Values for use with the Passive House Planning Package.

Embodied Carbon Guidance
Living Future downloadable Embodied Carbon Guidance document leads projects through the process of embodied carbon evaluation and reduction for both the Zero Carbon Certification and the Living Building Challenge 4.0 Energy Petal.

Environmental Insights Explorer Tool for Cities
Google tool Environmental Insights Explorer uses unique Google data sources and modeling capabilities to produce estimates of activity, emissions, and reductions, and makes them freely available.

En-ROADS Online Climate Solutions Simulator
MIT online interface En-ROADS climate solutions simulator is a new tool that simulates 100 years of energy, land, and climate data to identify solutions in less than a second.

6. Building Performance Issues

Dealing with Construction Moisture
Green Building Advisor says depending on where, when, how fast, and how well you build, construction moisture—sometimes called built-in moisture—may require significant one-time management.

Embodied Carbon Emissions in Buildings
Green Building Advisor Podcast defines the critical difference between embodied and operational carbon, and explains why net-zero-energy buildings simply aren't enough at this moment in time.

Insulating Around Pipes & Wires
Construction Instruction online pictorial shows how to install Batt insulation around pipes and wires.

Problematic Air Flows
Healthy Indoors says building and indoor-air-quality professionals should be aware of visible conditions that can lead to airborne irritants, contaminants, and allergens.

Stack Effect Explained
Construction Instruction online animation describes stack effect.

Legionella Control for Building Water Systems
PHCP Pros describes how to eliminate Legionella growth conditions with proper system design, installation and maintenance.

Building More Resilient Communities in Face of Climate Change
Green Building Advisor describes what might help us thrive in the face of floods, droughts, fires, and other disruptions and disasters.

Learn from Native American Wildfire Management Strategies
GreenBiz says there’s no lack of proposals for managing wildfires more effectively: California Gov. Gavin Newsom recently signed 22 wildfire-related bills in one day. But what’s missing are perspectives from indigenous communities across North America, who have lived with fire for thousands of years.

7. Products & Suppliers

New Blueprint for Green Building
Business in Vancouver says a construction startup company that is using a new low-carbon building material has opened a head office in Vancouver, and is getting backing from some big names in the real estate and construction industries.

BC First Nation Completes Solar Farm
CC says this 2-hectare site west of Williams Lake will generate 1,500 MWh per year and $175,000 in annual revenue.

Technical Report on New Window Technologies
US DOE Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings Technical Report on Windows and Opaque Envelope explores the potential of new building technologies. This report focuses on dynamic window and opaque envelope technologies including electrochromic glazing, automated attachments, and thermal storage. These technologies are in contrast to static high-performance building envelope technologies, such as highly insulating windows. (PDF)

WinDoor Draws New Options in Glass & Hardware
Door & Window Market magazine online video shows new options from hardware and component manufacturers, and new glass options aimed at energy efficiency requirements.

Improving Efficiency in Hydronic Radiant Heating Systems
BC Housing has released their Builder Insight 18, Improving Efficiency in Hydronic Radiant Heating Systems. It summarizes the impact of the hydronic heating system additive EndoTherm, which provides heating energy savings by improving heat transfer from hydronic heating systems. The pilot study of 12 existing multi-unit residential buildings was conducted by BC Housing in 2018 and 2019. (PDF)

Technical Report on New HVAC Technologies
US DOE Grid-interactive Efficient Buildings Technical Report on Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Water Heating explores the potential of new building technologies. This report focuses on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning; water heating; appliances; and refrigeration; as well as related cross-cutting equipment. (PDF)

Going After Global Warming Potential of Ready-Mixed Concrete
Green Building Advisor suggests how a homebuilder or remodeler can decrease the environmental footprint of concrete.

Top Multifamily Tech Trends for 2020
Multifamily Executive Magazine describes five technology advancements that are likely to hit the apartment industry in a big way in the year ahead.

8. Installation & Procedures

Illustrated Guide R30+ Effective Vaulted & Flat Roofs
BC Housing downloadable Illustrated Guide R30+ Effective Vaulted & Flat Roofs consolidates information on vaulted water-shedding roofs and flat waterproof membrane roofs that are capable of meeting R-30 or greater effective thermal performance when used on low- and mid-rise wood-frame buildings.

How to Insulate Exterior Walls from Outside
Ecohome describes some ways to retro-fit exterior insulation to walls.

Insulating Behind Tubs & Showers
Construction Instruction online animation describes how to insulate behind tubs and showers.

Insulated Skylight Shaft
Fine Homebuilding says if you have or plan to install a skylight in your home, get the insulation details right to avoid problems with comfort and condensation.

Deep Dive into Blower Door Testing
Green Building Advisor describes the blower door equation exponent, depressurization vs. pressurization, using sound to assess air leakage, and more.

Dust-Control Strategies for Energy Upgrades
Home Energy magazine says with a little planning and the right tools, you can overcome the many dust-control challenges facing today’s installer and clearly set yourself apart from the competition.

Top Five New Residential Gas Furnace Tests
HPAC Magazine says we owe it to our customers and to the environment to be sure that newly installed gas appliances will operate at peak efficiency.

How to Match Glycol Levels to Various HVAC Systems
HPAC magazine says in Canada, where glycol is essential to protect HVAC systems from freezing, most contractors have a basic understanding of why glycol is used. However, many may not realize all of the implications and issues that must be considered when the decision is made to use glycol in a system.

9. Fuels, Energy & Transportation

Planning to Upgrade Natural Gas Meters in BC
Fortis BC is exploring a number of ways to modernize their natural gas system for more than one million customers across BC. One of the ways they are proposing to do this is by upgrading existing gas meters with new advanced meters.

Hail BC Electricity
Business Council of BC says we score an A+ on the composition of fuel sources used to generate electricity, with more than 95% coming from non-greenhouse gas emitting sources.

Renewables the Path to 100% Electric BC
University of Victoria says if all vehicles in BC were powered by electricity instead of liquid fuels by 2055, BC would need to more than double its electricity generation capacity to meet forecasted energy demand—and the move could prove surprisingly cost-effective.

Electrify Everything
Energy Transition magazine says electrification of transportation and heating is a necessary next step to avoid the most severe effects of climate change.

Grid-Tied PV Systems
Fine Homebuilding describes how home PV grid-tied systems are used first to satisfy the home’s load, and then any surplus is fed into the utility-maintained grid. When the system is not producing electricity, the house draws power from the grid like any other home.

Solar Power Without Net Metering, Is It Worth It?
Green Building Advisor says as rules and regulations change, residential PV equipment and systems will adapt.

Electric Vehicle Boom Will Bring Solid Waste Challenges
Green Building Advisor says a surge in electric vehicle ownership will help lower carbon emissions in the decades ahead. But it also will create challenges for reusing and recycling millions of lithium ion batteries.

Advanced Traffic Management is Next Big Thing for Smart Cities
GreenBiz says advanced traffic management technologies such as adaptive traffic control and traffic analytics can improve safety and significantly decrease traffic congestion levels and greenhouse gas emissions.

10. Information Sources

Presentation on Heat Pump Best Practices Installation Guide for Existing Homes
BC Home Performance Stakeholder Council online slide show presentation is from their Webinar on the Heat Pump Best Practices Installation Guide for Existing Homes.

Online Videos on Building Energy Efficient Homes
Community Energy Association online videos provide brief overviews of why home energy efficiency is important and how it can be achieved in every new build.

Blog Series on Advanced Building Construction
US Department of Energy new blog series Advanced Building Construction seeks to address several long-standing challenges that have kept new and existing buildings from unlocking their full potential to reduce energy. The first post provides an overview, with other posts focusing on opportunities to improve new construction, off-site/prefabricated components, workforce needs, and next generation building materials among other related topics.

Sources of Canadian Energy Information
Natural Resources Canada Provides information and links to more resources on Canada’s energy system and its future.

Survey of Canadian Household Energy Use
Natural Resources Canada 2015 Survey Of Canadian Household Energy Use includes data on energy consumption habits of households, dwelling characteristics, usage of appliances, energy efficiency characteristics, and energy consumption.

Resource Site on Solar Energy
Going Solar provides information and resources on solar energy.

Air Conditioning & Heating Systems in New US Homes
NAHB says the US Census Bureau provides valuable information on the characteristics of new homes started construction, such as air conditioning and heating system installations.

R&D Opportunities for Natural Gas Technologies in Building Applications
US Department of Energy report R&D Opportunities for Natural Gas Technologies in Building Applications recommends innovative natural gas technologies, and identifies research and development activities where further investigations could result in impactful savings. The analysis also covers products that operate on propane. (PDF)

11. Conferences & Shows

Sustainable Business Conference
GreenBiz 20, the sustainable business conference, will be held in Phoenix, February 4-6. GreenBiz 20 community will be more than 1,500 sustainability leaders from business, government, academia and NGOs that explore the latest sustainable business trends and form valuable connections.

Conference e On Climate Change Adaptation
Adaptation Canada 2020, a conference on climate change adaptation, will be presented in Vancouver, February 19-21.

2020 BC HPSC Contractors Forum
BC Home Performance Stakeholder Council is presenting their 2020 HPSC Contractors Forum in New Westminster on February 25th. It provides an opportunity to connect with other leading professionals in HVAC, Fenestration, Insulation, Renovation and Energy Advisory Services as well as key government and utility representatives.

Net Zero Leadership Summit
CHBA Net Zero Leadership Summit will be held in Harrison Hot Springs, February 25-26. 200 participants will provide input to a nation-wide strategic action plan to support industry with solutions and tools to voluntarily adopt Net Zero at all scales (i.e. neighbourhoods) and applications (i.e. renovations).

2020 RESNET Building Performance Conference
US Residential Energy Services Network 2020 RESNET Building Performance Conference is a national forum on home energy ratings, existing home retrofits, building codes and energy policy. It will take place in Scottsdale, February 24-26.

2020 National Home Performance Conference
Building Performance Association presents the 2020 National Home Performance Conference in New Orleans, April 27-30. It aims to provide meaningful, engaging education and dialogue for both the entry-level field staff and the seasoned professional in the residential energy efficiency, home performance, and weatherization industry.

12. Education & Training

LEEP Technical Forums Around BC
BC Housing is supporting a round of LEEP (Local Energy Efficiency Partnerships) Technical Forums throughout BC in January & February. Presentations are customized for each location to offer cutting-edge, cost effective and robust methods for building high performance homes. Topics include costing, wall system assembly, heat pumps, and the Integrated Design Process.

Webinar on Heat Pump Installations for Existing Homes
BC Home Performance Stakeholder Council will present their webinar on Heat Pump Best Practices Installation Guide for Existing Homes on January 16th.

Building for Future, What Will Be Green?
BC Construction Roundtable Breakfast and Learn on January 16th in Vancouver features Building for the Future, What Will Be Green? Four industry leaders in a dynamic and interactive session will share their diverse perspectives on the future of sustainability and green building.

Value of EV Charging in Multi-Family Buildings
UDI breakfast seminar Value of EV Charging in Multi-Family Buildings will be presented on January 16th. It covers what home builders need to consider when offering EV charging in new developments.

Building Smart Airtightness Testing, Diagnostics & Repair
BC Housing seminar & webinar Building Smart Airtightness Testing, Diagnostics & Repair will be presented on February 5th. Applicable to both Part 9 and Part 3 buildings, it will discuss diagnostic methods in detail, such as infrared thermography and smoke tracer testing. Speakers will use these tools to compile an air leakage inventory.

Introductory Hydronic Fundamentals Webinars
Canadian Institute of Plumbing & Heating is presenting Introductory Hydronic Fundamentals Webinars in three components. Module 1, Hydronics Fundamentals will be on January 22. Module 2, Heat Sources for Hydronic Heating will be on February 5. Module 3, Heat Emitters for Hydronic Heating will be on February 19.

BC Builders' Super Week 2020
CHBA BC Builders' Super Week 2020 will be held February 10-12. Attendees can choose from a diverse lineup of seminars that are all approved for BC Housing Licensing and Consumer Services Continuing Professional Development (CPD) points. Attend all three days and earn up to 22.5 CPD points.

Passive House Tradesperson Course, Building Envelope
City of Vancouver is giving skilled builders and tradespersons the opportunity to take this BCIT course on Passive House construction at a reduced cost. This course, being presented February 10-14, provides the knowledge and practical hands-on skills that building contractors, designers, consultants and advanced students need to build to the Passive House standard.

BC Home Performance Contractors Forum
Home Performance Stakeholders Council presents their Contractors Forum in New Westminster on February 25th. It is an opportunity to connect with other leading professionals in HVAC, Fenestration, Insulation, Renovation and Energy Advisory Services.

13. Costs & Savings

Value Added to Properties & Loan Performance
Freddie Mac report Value Added to Properties & Loan Performance says energy-efficient homes sell for higher prices than other homes, and mortgages secured by energy-efficient properties perform better than other mortgages. (PDF)

Impact of Making Older Apartments More Sustainable
FortisBC released emissions and energy use data showing that simple energy efficiency upgrades in older apartment buildings have the potential to reduce carbon emissions in the province by about 200,000 tonnes annually or the equivalent of removing 43,000 gasoline-powered cars off the road.

Guidelines for Electrical Engineering Services for Building Projects
Professional Practice Guidelines for Electrical Engineering Services for Building Projects were developed by Engineers and Geoscientists BC to guide professional practice related to electrical engineering services for building projects in BC. These guidelines apply to the practice of electrical engineering for buildings governed by Part 3 of the BC Building Code, the City of Vancouver Building By-law, or the National Building Code of Canada. (PDF)

Is Residential Solar Energy Cost-Effective?
C2C Journal says Canadians are in favour of saving the environment – as long as it doesn’t cost them anything.

When & Where Will Off-Site Construction Technologies Emerge?
Builder Magazine analyzes data from a builder survey on off-site predictions.

Federal Code Costly & Wrong Approach to Boost Energy Efficiency
US National Association of Home Builders has urged Congress to oppose any federal mandates that require the adoption of more stringent building codes because it would harm housing affordability, prevent healthy competition in the marketplace and may not achieve the intended results.

41 Inconvenient Truths on New Energy Economy
Foundation for Economic Education summarizes a recent Manhattan Institute report, The New Energy Economy: An Exercise in Magical Thinking, providing a summary of some of the bottom-line realities from the underlying math.

14. Incentives, Financing & Programs

Better Homes BC Contractor Support Site
To make it easier for contractors to access links and find program required information, CleanBC Better Homes has launched a Contractor Support Page. The page provides quick links to rebates, common FAQ's, qualifying product lists, checklists and sample invoices.

HSBC Canada Launches Green Finance Products
Newswire says HSBC Bank Canada is supporting Canadian companies to meet their environmental and sustainability goals with the launch of new Green Finance products, the first of their kind in Canada aligned to the Loan Market Association's Green Loan Principles.

Climate Finance Access Network Introduced at COP25
Rocky Mountain Institute has unveiled an innovative intervention to unlock finance in developing countries: adding in-country capacity in the form of highly trained climate finance advisors. In 2020, RMI and partners will launch the Climate Finance Access Network, which will ensure that more countries have access to finance experts who are better prepared and better connected to finance institutions.

California Utility On-Bill Financing Program
Institute of Market Transformation factsheet describes a utility on-bill repayment program in which a lender provides the up-front funds needed for an eligible energy efficiency project.

Introduction to Utility On-Bill Financing for Private Buildings
Institute for Market Transformation fact sheet describes what on-bill financing is and how it can help city governments enable more energy efficiency investments.

Getting Net Zero Upgrades to Scale
US Department of Energy online presentation is from their webinar Getting Net Zero Upgrades to Scale, The Future is Now. A number of cities and states are working to make net zero upgrades a reality at scale. Hear from those on the front lines of this effort and learn about challenges and progress to date as well as the latest news on this approach.

Energy Efficiency as a Service
Greentech Media says while not a new concept, the Energy Efficiency as a Service model is gaining momentum as new entrants join the market.

Cost of Saving Electricity Through Efficiency Programs
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories study Cost of Saving Electricity Through Efficiency Programs analyzed efficiency program data reported by 111 program administrators for 219 publicly owned utilities in 14 states. It finds that energy efficiency programs for customers of publicly owned utilities saved electricity at an average cost of 2.4 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh) from 2012 to 2017.


Dittie For Today: On Character

Society is divided into two groups when it comes to the morality of our actions. One group says, "What's the harm?" while the other says, "What's the good?" Sanity and the continuation of civilization rest with the latter group. - Author Unknown


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ISSN: 1703-5597 - National Library of Canada

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